Today, drums are made from hollowed out cedar or balsa trunks with cow hide stretched over the two ends. Rope is used to secure the skins in place. Originally, in place of the cow hide, wild peccary hide was used and fastened into place with strips of the same leather.
The women of Costa Rica’s Boruca are traditionally taught weaving, though today men learn as well. Boruca has a long tradition of hand-dying threads from naturally found colors from sources including leaves of the sangrilla tree, bark of the carbonero tree, clay, indigo plants and occasionally the ink of a mollusk. After spinning thread from locally-grown cotton, they use a loom to weave the thread into handbags, wall hangings, coin purses and more.